Hip joint is a ball and socket joint that is covered with large muscles of the thighs, lower back, and buttocks. It often takes a significant amount of force to damage a healthy hip joint. Most sports injuries of the hip are a consequence of chronic overuse of the joint and its associated muscles. Any hip injury results in debilitating pain and loss of hip function, and requires a specialist to ascertain early and accurate diagnosis of the injury and initiation of early treatment.
The hip is a ball-and-socket joint. Acetabulum forms the socket while, the head of the thigh bone (femur) forms the head . Smooth cushion like surfaces called the articular cartilage covers the ends of socket and ball. This prevents friction and makes movement smooth.
Cases like Osteo arthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Avascular necrosis, Ankylosis Spondylitis and Childhood diseases can cause roughening of the cartilage leading to damaged joint surfaces. Symptoms of the hip are due to the very reason
Hip replacement surgery can be performed traditionally or by using what is considered a minimally-invasive technique. The main difference between the two procedures is the size of the incision.
During standard hip replacement surgery, you are given general anesthesia to relax your muscles and put you into a temporary deep sleep. This will prevent you from feeling any pain during the surgery or have any awareness of the procedure. A spinal anesthetic may be given to help prevent pain as an alternative.
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